Make your own free website on Tripod.com

General Information About Yanam
APPROACH

SOIL
  • It is occupied by alluvium consisting of sand clay and gravel. Ground water occurs both inder water table and confined conditions in the granular beds in the alluvial deposits. It is developed by means of shallow filterpoints wells within a depth of nine metres. The soil is greyish black and is essentially clayey in composition. A few thin layers of sandy clay or  sand, not exceeding 0.3 metre in thickness are intercalated with the clayedsoil. The river sands on the bank of Gautami Godavari consists of predominently of quartz, felspar and lucovite mica. A few grains of monazite are also foundin the black streaks.

  • A bore hole dug by the villagers near Mettakuru for water supply is reported to have passed through the following strata down to a total depth of 55 metres(170 feet approximately).
  •  Sandy soil .. 3 m. thick
  •  Clayey soli .. 6 m. - 8 m. thick
  •  Sandy soli .. Remainder down to 55 m.
    There are no minerals of economic value in the region.
IRRIGATION
  • Yanam received irrigation water through Bank Canal which starts from Doweleswaram Head works (Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage on the river Godavari down stream Rajahmundry). This canal runs towards east upto Pillanka, asmall village near Yanam. From Pillanka water is brought to Yanam through a small canal popularly known as "French Channel"  built by an agreement entered in 1949 between the then French Government and the Government of India. This canal serves the irrigation as well as drinking water needs of the ares west of Coringa River.

  • After Merger, steps were taken to provide irrigation facilities for about 560 Ha. of dry land in the eastern side of the Coringa River byproviding a new irrigation canal called "Adivipolam Channel" from the tail end of Tallarevu south channel and at the starting point of Nilapalli channel  on the right side. the work was taken for executionby the Andhra Pradesh Public Works Department as a deposit work in 1964 and was completed and commissioned in June 1966. The water from this channel is used for drinking purpose also, as in the case of French Channel.

CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
  • It experiences a climate which is characterised by high humidity over 70% in the mornings and over 60% in the evenings throughout the year, an appressive summer season and a good rainfall. It enjoys the benefitof both the South-West and North-East Monsoon.  During a year on an average, there are about 60 rainy days i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5mm or more.

TEMPERATURE
  • From February, temperature start rising rapidly till May which is the hottest month with the mean maximum around 37 degree C and mean minimum around 28 degree C. Humidity being high, the heat is very trying. The maximum temperature on some days in May or early June before the onset of the south-west monsoon may even touch 47 degree C. The sea breeze, however afford some relief in the afternoons. Similarly pre-monsoon Thundershowers may also bring welcome  relief on some days.  With the onset of the  monsoon in June the temperature falls rapidly  and remains almost steady till September. In this season mean maximum temperature is around 32 degree C and night temperature fall rapidly till December or January when day temperature is around 27 degree C and night temperature around 19 degree C. Sometimes the minimum temperature may reach as low as about 14 degree C. December and January are the coolest months.

HUMIDITY
  • The air is generally humid throught the year with relative humidity - 70 percent in the mornings and over 60 percent in the evenings during all trhe months.

CLOUDNESS
  • The sky is generally  heavily clouded to overcast during the south-westt monsoon months. There is moderate cloudiness in the post monsoon months.  During the rest of the year, the sky will clear or lightly clouded.

SURFACE WINDS
  • In the summer season winds blow from directions between south east to south west. During the monsoon season, they blow mainly from south west to west.  During October to February, winds are usually fromnorth-east in the mornings, veering towards south-east in the afternoons.  Winds are generally light to moderate during the whole year.

SPECIAL WEATHER PHENONMENA
  •  The storms and depressions which form in the Bay of Bengal in the pre-monsoon month of May, and during September to Novembe, cross the east coast, and affect the region and the neighbouhood, causingthunder-storms, heavy rain, tidal waves and strong winds. Occassional thunder-storms associated mainly with the onset of the south-west monsoon occur in April, May and June.

The Yanam - Yedurlanka Ferry

Daily above Ten Thousand passengers are travelling to and fro on this 'Panti'. The people from Konaseema area under the Amalapuram Constituency of East Godavari District are mainly using this river way for reaching Kakinada,the District HeadQuarters.

This river called Gauthami Godavari is one of the branches of the main river Godavari. It enters the Bay of Bengal after crossing around 12 Kms.

The minimum capacity of the Panti can hold is 15 Tonnes.It supports the two wheelers, three wheelers as well as four wheelers excluding heavy vehicles.

Per trip, it carries roughly 200 passengers along with vehicles. The time of journey depends on the river flow.Generally, it takes 15 minutes to cross from one end to another.

Now, the Govt. of AndhraPradesh with the assistance of ONGC, WorldBank Funds, Pondicherry Govt., Central Govt. and the donations from the farmers & markeing committies,is constructing a Bridge across this river.

The estimated cost of the construction is roughly 120 crores.

The Navayuga Engineering Constructions(NEC) of Visakhapatnam has taken the contract to build the bridge in the stipulated time of 36 months. The foundation stone was laid by
Shri G.M.C.BalaYogi, Hon'ble LokSabha Speaker. <